LÍF 602M Graduate level 8 ECTS
Period: 2016  

Dr. Guðrún Marteinsdóttir
Dr. Niall McGinty
Dr. Steven Campana


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Purpose and contents:
In order to reliably define the conditions under which fisheries can sustainably operate in the long-term, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the influence of human activities and ocean climate on the ecology of the stocks in question. Climatic variation has been shown to affect behaviour and distribution of marine organisms. Changes in all of our major fish stocks have occurred in recent decades due to trends in ocean climate. Commercial fishing has also altered those which are exploited, at both the inter- and intra-stock levels. Most often, mortality imposed by fishing is considerably higher than that which occurs naturally. In addition, fishing is inherently selective. Accumulating evidence indicates that fishing has influenced the phenotypic and genetic structure, production, sustainability and recovery potential of harvested stocks.

This course will focus on the ecology of exploited marine fish resources, with particular emphasis on the effects that ocean climate and human activities have on the physiology, biology and behaviour of fish populations.


Course prerequisites
This course is intended for graduate students. However, 3rd year BSc students will be able to participate in the course if vacant places are available. Students should have basic knowledge in marine biology and/or oceanography. General computer and numeric literacy is also required.

Learning Outcomes
By the end of this course the students should:

Identify where the effects of climate change are most likely to manifest themselves within the biological hierarchy.

Recognize the potential impact of changing climate to conservation and management strategies.

Discuss the importance of considering both biotic and abiotic aspects of marine ecosystems for conservation and management of marine resources.

Integrate biological and ecological concepts into conservation and management strategies.

Evaluate the effectiveness of marine conservation and management strategies in the face of a changing climate.

Demonstrate the ability to collect, analyze, interpret, and present (in a written form) data as part of a collaborative team.




Marine Education in Iceland, University of Iceland, Askja Sturlugata 7, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland